Design-led events in collaborative planning: improving post-event planning and delivery

Husam Al Waer, Susan Rintoul, Ian Cooper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
393 Downloads (Pure)


Purpose: Design-led events are known under a range of different titles such charrettes, participatory placemaking, co-design and enquiry by design. Rather than being standalone, such events form one single step in a multi-stage collaborative planning process. What comes after them has to be acknowledged as important to their effective contribution to collaborative planning. To date, no coherent body of empirical evidence on the aftermath of events has been published demonstrating critical factors that contribute to their success.

Design/methodology/approach: The paper’s significance resides in identifying an extended framework for the stages in the collaborative planning process and in highlighting critical issues for ensuring that the aspirations and concerns expressed by stakeholders throughout the process are acted on and delivered, namely, subsequent decision-making and delivery; follow-on support, resourcing and funding; the legal status of events and related governance issues; and appropriate monitoring and evaluation practices.

Findings: The paper provides guidance for professional and local stakeholders who are expected to carry the burden of acting on the outputs arising from such events. To be successful, collaborative planning has to be based on longitudinal stakeholder engagement – both long before but also after such events. It is here that the significance of the results reported here lie.

Originality/value: The originality of this paper lies in its attempt to broaden understanding of what happens in collaborative planning following design-led events, drawing on interviews with professional and lay participants in events held across Scotland over the past decade.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)774-799
Number of pages26
Issue number3
Early online date2 Sept 2021
Publication statusPublished - 28 Oct 2021


  • Collaborative planning
  • Community champions
  • Decision-making and delivery
  • Key stages
  • Post design-led planning
  • Resourcing and funding
  • Skills

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Architecture
  • Urban Studies


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