Developing the Symptoms and Functional Impairment Rating Scale: A Multi-Dimensional ADHD Scale

Yasong Du (Lead / Corresponding author), Mengyao Li, Wenqing Jiang, Yan Li, David R. Coghill

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    5 Citations (Scopus)
    185 Downloads (Pure)


    Objective: This research developed a practical, multi-dimensional attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) rating scale (i.e., the Symptoms and Functional Impairment Rating Scale, SFIRS) for Chinese children, aged 6-12 years, with ADHD.

    Methods: The structural validity, criterion validity, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability of the scale were evaluated. Item screening was conducted with 412 ADHD patients and 322 developmentally typical controls.

    Results: The scale includes 44 items, divided among Hyperactivity-Impulsivity, Self-Control, Inattention, Self-Management, Academic Performance, and Social Interaction. The six-factor model showed good data fit, with each factor significantly correlated with its corresponding criterion (r=0.690-0.841). The Cronbach's α of the full scale was 0.976. Total score test-retest reliability was r=0.816 (p<0.01).

    Conclusion: The SFIRS thus demonstrated good reliability and validity and may be used to assess ADHD among children aged 6-12 years in China.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)13-23
    Number of pages11
    JournalPsychiatry Investigation
    Issue number1
    Early online date16 Jan 2018
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2018


    • Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
    • Behavioral rating scale
    • China
    • Executive function

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Psychiatry and Mental health
    • Biological Psychiatry


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