Development and optimisation of in vitro sonodynamic therapy for glioblastoma

Andrew Keenlyside, Theodore Marples, Zifan Gao, Hong Hu, Lynden Guy Nicely, Joaquina Nogales, Han Li, Lisa Landgraf, Anna Solth, Andreas Melzer, Kismet Hossain-Ibrahim, Zhihong Huang, Sourav Banerjee (Lead / Corresponding author), James Joseph (Lead / Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
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Sonodynamic therapy (SDT) is currently on critical path for glioblastoma therapeutics. SDT is a non-invasive approach utilising focused ultrasound to activate photosensitisers like 5-ALA to impede tumour growth. Unfortunately, the molecular mechanisms underlying the therapeutic functions of SDT remain enigmatic. This is primarily due to the lack of intricately optimised instrumentation capable of modulating SDT delivery to glioma cells in vitro. Consequently, very little information is available on the effects of SDT on glioma stem cells which are key drivers of gliomagenesis and recurrence. To address this, the current study has developed and validated an automated in vitro SDT system to allow the application and mapping of focused ultrasound fields under varied exposure conditions and setup configurations. The study optimizes ultrasound frequency, intensity, plate base material, thermal effect, and the integration of live cells. Indeed, in the presence of 5-ALA, focused ultrasound induces apoptotic cell death in primary patient-derived glioma cells with concurrent upregulation of intracellular reactive oxygen species. Intriguingly, primary glioma stem neurospheres also exhibit remarkably reduced 3D growth upon SDT exposure. Taken together, the study reports an in vitro system for SDT applications on tissue culture-based disease models to potentially benchmark the novel approach to the current standard-of-care.

Original languageEnglish
Article number20215
Number of pages15
JournalScientific Reports
Publication statusPublished - 18 Nov 2023


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