Device-assessed sleep and physical activity in individuals recovering from a hospital admission for COVID-19: a prospective, multicentre study

T. Plekhanova, A. V. Rowlands, R. A. Evans, Charlotte L Edwardson, N. C. Bishop, C. E. Bolton, J. D. Chalmers, M. J. Davies, E. Daynes, A. B. Docherty, O. Elneima, N. J. Greening, S. A. Greenwood, A. P. Hall, V. C. Harris, E. M. Harrison, J. Henson, L.-P. Ho, A. Horsley, L. Houchen-WolloffK. Khunti, O. C. Leavy, N. I. Lone, M. Marks, B. Maylor, H. J. C. McAuley, C. M. Nolan, K. Poinasamy, J. K. Quint, B. Raman, M. Richardson, J. A. Sargeant, R. M. Saunders, M. Sereno, A. Shikotra, A. Singapuri, M. Steiner, D. J. Stensel, L. V. Wain, J. Whitney, D. G Wootton, Charlotte L Edwardson, Christopher E. Brightling, William D-C Man, Sally J. Singh, Tom Yates

Research output: Working paper/PreprintPreprint

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Abstract

Objectives
To describe physical behaviours following hospital admission for COVID-19 including associations with acute illness severity and ongoing symptoms.

Methods
1077 patients with COVID-19 discharged from hospital between March and November 2020 were recruited. Using a 14-day wear protocol, wrist-worn accelerometers were sent to participants after a five-month follow-up assessment. Acute illness severity was assessed by the WHO clinical progression scale, and the severity of ongoing symptoms was assessed using four previously reported data-driven clinical recovery clusters. Two existing control populations of office workers and type 2 diabetes were comparators.

Results
Valid accelerometer data from 253 women and 462 men were included. Women engaged in a mean{+/-}SD of 14.9{+/-}14.7 minutes/day of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), with 725.6{+/-}104.9 minutes/day spent inactive and 7.22{+/-}1.08 hours/day asleep. The values for men were 21.0{+/-}22.3 and 755.5{+/-}102.8 minutes/day and 6.94{+/-}1.14 hours/day, respectively. Over 60% of women and men did not have any days containing a 30-minute bout of MVPA. Variability in sleep timing was approximately 2 hours in men and women. More severe acute illness was associated with lower total activity and MVPA in recovery. The very severe recovery cluster was associated with fewer days/week containing continuous bouts of MVPA, longer sleep duration, and higher variability in sleep timing. Patients post-hospitalisation with COVID-19 had lower levels of physical activity, greater sleep variability, and lower sleep efficiency than a similarly aged cohort of office workers or those with type 2 diabetes.

Conclusions
Physical activity and regulating sleep patterns are potential treatable traits for COVID-19 recovery programmes.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationCold Spring Harbour
PublishermedRxiv
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Feb 2022

Keywords

  • epidemiology

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