The hepatic glucose-6-phosphatase system was studied with a novel microanalytical technique in adult patients undergoing liver biopsy. 4 patients were diagnosed as having type 1 glycogen storage disease (GSD). 3 of these patients, who had hypoglycaemic symptoms, had variations of type 1a GSD, which is caused by a defect in the hepatic microsomal glucose-6-phosphatase enzyme. The fourth, with hepatomegaly and no hypoglycaemic symptoms, had a normal glucose-6-phosphatase enzyme but a defect in the hepatic microsomal phosphate/pyrophosphate translocase T2; this is the first report of an adult with type 1c GSD. Adult type 1 GSD should be considered in patients with unresolved hypoglycaemic symptoms and/or unresolved hepatomegaly.