Differential effects of neuroleptic agents on hepatic cytochrome P-450 isozymes in the male rat

Anders Rane (Lead / Corresponding author), Zhurong Liu, Robert Levol, Catarina Bjelfman, Charlotte Thyr, Hans Ericson, Tiiu Hansson, Colin Henderson, C. Roland Wolf

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26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report the effects of various receptor-blocking drugs on gene and protein expression, as well as the activity of several hepatic cytochrome P-450 (CYP) enzymes in the male Sprague-Dawley rat. At equipotent doses (with respect to receptor blockade and behavioural tests), the dopamine D2-receptor selective sulpiride and remoxipride gave a conspicuous down-regulation of CYP2C11 and its associated androstenedione 16α-hydroxylation activity as well as of the CYP2C11-specific mRNA. The average immunoidentified CYP2C11 levels correlated with the CYP2C11-specific mRNA levels in all treatment groups (r = 0.994), indicating a transcriptional mechanism. The CYP3A protein was also selectively down-regulated. In contrast, androstenedione 5α-reduction was significantly increased. Clozapine, a non-selective neuroleptic, gave the same effects on the steroid metabolism as sulpiride and remoxipride. In contrast, diverging effects were observed for clozapine, compared to sulpiride and remoxipride, on the immunoidentified CYP1A2, CYP2B1, and CYP3A. These proteins were elevated by clozapine, and down-regulated by sulpiride and remoxipride. Our results are of interest for the interpretation of preclinical dose ranging toxicity tests of neuroleptic agents in rats. They may also be relevant in relation to certain interactions and adverse reactions observed in the clinical use of these drugs. The down-regulation of certain CYP enzymes is most likely mediated by an interaction with the growth hormone secretion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-66
Number of pages7
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - General Subjects
Volume1291
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Aug 1996

Keywords

  • Cytochrome P-450
  • Hepatic regulation
  • mRNA
  • Neuroleptic
  • Rat liver

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