Differential involvement of TGF-β1 in mediating the motogenic effects of TSP-1 on endothelial cells, fibroblasts and oral tumour cells

K. Motegi, K. Harada, G. Ohe, Sarah J. Jones, Ian R. Ellis, Dorothy H. Crouch, Seth L. Schor, Ana M. Schor

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    Abstract

    The role of TSP-1 in tumour growth and angiogenesis remains controversial, with both stimulatory and inhibitory roles proposed. The effects of TSP-1 on the migration of endothelial cells, fibroblast and oral tumour cell lines were examined using the transmembrane assay. TSP-1 induced a bi-phasic effect on human and bovine endothelial cells: stimulation at low concentrations (0.1-10 mu g/ml) and inhibition at high concentrations (25-100 mu g/ml). FGF-2-stimulated endothelial cell migration was either further stimulated or inhibited by TSP-1, following the same bi-phasic dose response as in the absence of FGF-2. In contrast, TSP-1 stimulated the migration of human fibroblast and oral tumour cells in a dose dependent manner; a plateau was reached with S-2S mu g/ml and no inhibitory effect was observed. These effects were partly neutralised by antibodies to alpha v beta 3 integrin. TGF-beta 1 (0.1-200ng/ml tested) mimicked the effects of TSP-1 on cell migration. Function-neutralising antibodies to TGF-1 completely abolished both the stimulatory and inhibitory effects of TSP-1 on endothelial migration, but had no effect on TSP-1-stimulated migration of fibroblast and oral tumour cells. The effects of TGF-beta 1 were not affected by antibodies to TSP-1. These results indicate that the effects of TSP-1 on endothelial cell migration are mediated by TGF-beta 1, whereas the effects on fibroblast and tumour cell migration are TGF-beta 1-independent. (c) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2323-2333
    Number of pages11
    JournalExperimental Cell Research
    Volume314
    Issue number13
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2008

    Keywords

    • TSP-1
    • TGF-beta 1
    • FGF-2
    • alpha v beta 3
    • migration
    • endothelial cells
    • oral tumour cells
    • fibroblasts
    • GROWTH-FACTOR-BETA
    • HUMAN SALIVARY-GLAND
    • ACTIVATOR INHIBITOR TYPE-1
    • TGF-BETA
    • IN-VITRO
    • UP-REGULATION
    • TRANSFORMING GROWTH-FACTOR-BETA-1
    • MESSENGER-RNA
    • CANCER-CELLS
    • INTEGRIN ALPHA(V)BETA(3)

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