Differential lymphatic versus portal vein uptake of the synthetic pyrethroids deltamethrin and cis-permethrin in rats

Larry G. Higgins (Lead / Corresponding author), Lynsey R. Chatham, Sara L. Tomczynski, A. Kenneth MacLeod, Marjory Moreau, Harvey J. Clewell, Miyoung Yoon, Moire R. Creek, Thomas G. Osimitz, Brian G. Lake

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The objective of this study was to obtain data on pathways of absorption of the synthetic pyrethroids deltamethrin (DLM) and cis-permethrin (CPM) following oral administration to rats. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats with cannulated mesenteric lymph ducts and hepatic portal veins were given single doses of either 5 mg/kg DLM or 60 mg/kg CPM via the duodenum and lymph and portal blood samples collected for up to 300 min. The pyrethroid dosing vehicles (5 mL/kg body weight) were either corn oil or glycerol formal. Levels of DLM and CPM in lymph and portal blood samples were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry-mass spectrometry. Over the time period studied, levels of both DLM and CPM following administration in either corn oil or glycerol formal were greater in lymph than in portal blood. Lymphatic uptake of both DLM and CPM was enhanced following dosing in glycerol formal than in corn oil. The results of this study suggest that after oral administration to rats, these two pyrethroids are predominantly absorbed via the lymphatic system rather than via portal blood. The data obtained in this study thus support a recently developed physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model to evaluate age-related differences in pyrethroid pharmacokinetics in the rat, where it was assumed that absorption of pyrethroids was predominantly via lymphatic uptake.

Original languageEnglish
Article number152563
Number of pages6
JournalToxicology
Volume443
Early online date14 Aug 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020

Keywords

  • cis-Permethrin
  • Deltamethrin
  • Lymphatic absorption
  • Male Sprague-Dawley rats
  • Portal vein absorption
  • Pyrethroids

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