This study explores the links between the GTPase RhoA and the serine kinase protein kinase D (PKD) during thymocyte development. The rationale is that RhoA and PKD regulate common biological responses during T cell development, but there is nothing known about their interdependence. In fibroblasts, Rho function is required for activation of PKD catalytic activity. However, the data show that activation of Rho is neither sufficient nor essential for PKD activation in T cells. One alternative explanation for the apparent convergence of PKD and Rho signaling in T cells is that PKD responses might be Rho-dependent. To address this latter possibility, we probed the Rho requirements for the actions of constitutively active PKD mutants in pre-T cells of transgenic mice. Active PKD can localize to either the plasma membrane or the cytosol, and we therefore compared the Rho requirements for the actions of membrane- or cytosol-localized PKD. Here we show that membrane-localized PKD regulation of pre-T cell differentiation is Rho-dependent, but the actions of cytosol-localized PKD are not. These studies demonstrate that a Rho requirement for PKD activation is not ubiquitous. Moreover, links between PKD and Rho are determined by the cellular location of PKD.