A 79-year-old man with a history of radical excision of a left submandibular gland carcinoma ex-pleomorphic adenoma presented with a new 2 cm lump in his left submandibular region which proved to be recurrence on surgical excision. During work up for revision surgery he developed a right VI cranial nerve palsy, which was attributed to his microvascular status having had a history of three previous transient ischemic attacks (TIAs). 6 months later, his palsy had not resolved. MRI revealed new soft tissue by the cavernous segment of the internal carotid artery. The exact source of this was unclear as there was no evidence of local recurrence or nodal disease. A repeat MRI scan 16 months later revealed further growth of abnormal tissue in the cavernous sinus and the primary submandibular location, now involving multiple nerves including branches of cranial nerves IV, V, VI, VII and XII making surgical excision impossible.
- ear, nose and throat/otolaryngology
- head and neck cancer