Direct analysis of bromide in human serum by capillary electrophoresis

Jennifer P. Pascali, Maristella Trettene, Federica Bortolotti, Giorgia de Paoli, Rossella Gottardo, Franco Tagliaro

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    Abstract

    The purpose of the present work was the development and validation of a simple, rapid and reliable method for direct bromide quantification in serum based on capillary electrophoresis (CE). The analysis was carried out with an automated capillary electropherograph. Analytical conditions were as follows. Capillary: uncoated fused silica, effective length 50 cm, internal diameter 50 mu m; voltage: 20 kV in reverse polarity mode; temperature: 25 degrees C; running buffer: 90 mmol/L sodium tetraborate decahydrate and 10 mmol/L NaCl, pH 9.24; detection: direct UV absorption at 200 nm; sample treatment: dilution of serum 1: 10 with the internal standard solution (2 mmol/L thiocyanate). Under the described conditions, bromide ions and internal standard were baseline separated in 7 min. No interferences from other serum components were observed. The analytical sensitivity was characterized by a LOD: 0.05 mmol/L and a LOQ of 0.1 mmol/L. Excellent linearity was verified in the range from 2.5 to 60 mmol/L [y = 0.0746x - 0.0372; R-2 = 0.9995 (x = bromide concentration; y = bromide peak area/intemal standard (I.S.) peak area)]. Quantitative imprecision in intra-day (n = 7) and day-to-day (n = 7) experiments was always within R.S.D. values < 2%. Recovery was quantitative throughout the range of linearity of the method. Clinical cases of infants undergoing potassium bromide therapy for refractory epilepsy were analyzed with results in agreement with literature data. On the basis of these considerations, capillary electrophoresis can be proposed as the method of choice for bromide analysis in serum samples, especially for therapeutic drug monitoring purposes. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2-5
    Number of pages4
    JournalJournal of Chromatography B-Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
    Volume839
    Issue number1-2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2006
    Event4th International Symposium on Separations in the BioSciences - Utrecht, Netherlands
    Duration: 18 Sep 200521 Sep 2005

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