Direct observation of particle kinematics in biaxial shearing test

Usman Ali, Mamoru Kikumoto (Lead / Corresponding author), Matteo Oryem Ciantia, Ying Cui

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Biaxial shearing tests on dual-sized, 2d particle assemblies are conducted at several confining pressures. The effect of particle angularity, an important mesoscale shape descriptor, is investigated at the macro and micro levels. Macroscopically, it is observed that assemblies composed of angular particles exhibit higher strengths and dilations. The difference observed in bulk behavior due to particle angularity can be explained reasonably by considering particle-level mechanisms. A novel 2D image analysis technique is employed to estimate particle kinematics. Particle rotation results to be a key mechanism strongly influenced by particle shape determining the overall granular behavior. Unlike circular particles, angular ones are more resistant to rotations due to stronger interlocking and consequently exhibit higher strengths.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 18th UK Travelling Workshop
Subtitle of host publicationGeoMechanics: from Micro to Macro (GM3), Dundee, 2021
EditorsMatteo Ciantia, Marco Previtali, Malcolm Bolton
Place of PublicationDundee
PublisherUniversity of Dundee
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 16 Dec 2021

Publication series

NameGM3 Travelling Workshop Proceedings


  • Granular material
  • biaxial shearing
  • image analysis
  • particle rotation
  • particle shape


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