Distinct compartmentalization of TGN46 and β1,4-galactosyltransferase in HeLa cells

Alan R. Prescott, John M. Lucocq, John James, Jane M. Lister, Sreenivasan Ponnambalam (Lead / Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

109 Citations (Scopus)


The Golgi proteins, TGN46 and GalT, were characterized in human HeLa cells using specific polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies. A bacterially expressed soluble recombinant TGN46 protein was used to raise rabbit polyclonal antibodies and used to probe HeLa cell extracts. Human TGN46 had an apparent molecular mass of 100 to 120 kDa which reflects extensive glycosylation. Epifluorescence light microscopy indicated substantial colocalization of TGN46 and GalT. However, confocal laser microscopy and three-dimensional reconstruction of double-labeled HeLa cells revealed large areas of colocalization but also specific differences in the distribution of these two proteins within the Golgi apparatus. Importantly, quantitative immuno-electron microscopy showed that there was little overlap between the distribution of GalT and TGN46. Approximately 75% of GalT was in the Golgi stack, whereas 80% of TGN46 was detected in tubules. Distinct GalT-positive regions within tile Golgi cisternal stack were not labeled for TGN46.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)238-246
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Cell Biology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1997


  • Golgi apparatus
  • TGN38
  • TGN46
  • Trans-Golgi network (TGN)
  • Tubulovesicular

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Histology
  • Cell Biology


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