DNA excision repair in cell extracts from human cell lines exhibiting hypersensitivity to DNA-damaging agents

Johan Hansson, Stephen M Keyse, Tomas Lindahl, Richard D Wood

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    37 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Whole cell extracts from human lymphoid cell lines can perform in vitro DNA repair synthesis in plasmids damaged by agents including UV or cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) (cis-DDP). Extracts from xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) cells are defective in repair synthesis. We have now studied in vitro DNA repair synthesis using extracts from lymphoblastoid cell lines representing four human hereditary syndromes with increased sensitivity to DNA-damaging agents. Extracts of cell lines from individuals with the sunlight-sensitive disorders dysplastic nevus syndrome or Cockayne's syndrome (complementation groups A and B) showed normal DNA repair synthesis in plasmids with UV photoproducts. This is consistent with in vivo measurements of the overall DNA repair capacity in such cell lines. A number of extracts were prepared from two cell lines representing the variant form of XP (XP-V). Half of the extracts prepared showed normal levels of in vitro DNA repair synthesis in plasmids containing UV lesions, but the remainder of the extracts from the same cell lines showed deficient repair synthesis, suggesting the possibility of an unusually labile excision repair protein in XP-V. Fanconi's anemia (FA) cells show cellular hypersensitivity to cross-linking agents including cis-DDP. Extracts from cell lines belonging to two different complementation groups of FA showed normal DNA repair synthesis in plasmids containing cis-DDP or UV adducts. Thus, there does not appear to be an overall excision repair defect in FA, but the data do not exclude a defect in the repair of interstrand DNA cross-links.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3384-90
    Number of pages7
    JournalCancer Research
    Volume51
    Issue number13
    Publication statusPublished - 1991

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'DNA excision repair in cell extracts from human cell lines exhibiting hypersensitivity to DNA-damaging agents'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this