Do patients with diabetes wear shoes of the correct size?

S. J. Harrison, L. Cochrane, R. J. Abboud, G. P. Leese

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    35 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background: Fifteen per cent of patients with diabetes will develop a foot ulcer at some point in their life. Ill-fitting footwear frequently contributes to foot ulceration. A good fitting shoe is an essential component in the management of the diabetic foot. The objective of this study was to assess the feet and footwear of patients with diabetes to determine whether they are wearing the correct-sized shoes. Methods: One-hundred patients with diabetes who were attending the general diabetic clinic had their foot length measured using a 'Clarks' shoe shop device and foot width using a pair of callipers. Measurements were taken whilst seated and standing. Shoe dimensions were also assessed by recording the manufactured shoe length and using callipers to assess shoe width. A calibrated measuring stick standardised shoe lengths. Neurovascular status and the presence of deformities in the foot were also recorded. Results: One-third of diabetic patients were wearing the correct shoes on either foot whilst seated or whilst standing. However, only 24% of patients were wearing shoes that were of the correct length and width for both feet whilst seated and 20% upon standing. Seventeen per cent of patients appeared in both groups. No significance was found between any other variables, such as sensory neuropathy. Conclusions: Many patients with diabetes wear shoes that do not fit, particularly, shoes that are too narrow for their foot width. Assessing the appropriateness of footwear maybe an important part of foot examination.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1900-1904
    Number of pages5
    JournalInternational Journal of Clinical Practice
    Volume61
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2007

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