Doc2 isoforms play dual roles in insulin secretion and insulin-stimulated glucose uptake

Jia Li, James Cantley, James G. Burchfield, Christopher C. Meoli, Jacqueline Stöckli, P. Tess Whitworth, Himani Pant, Rima Chaudhuri, Alexander J.A. Groffen, Matthijs Verhage, David E. James

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims/hypothesis Glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) and insulin-stimulated glucose uptake are processes that rely on regulated intracellular vesicle transport and vesicle fusion with the plasma membrane. DOC2A and DOC2B are calcium-sensitive proteins that were identified as key components of vesicle exocytosis in neurons. Our aim was to investigate the role of DOC2 isoforms in glucose homeostasis, insulin secretion and insulin action. Methods DOC2 expression was measured by RT-PCR and western blotting. Body weight, glucose tolerance, insulin action and GSIS were assessed in wild-type (WT), Doc2a-/-(Doc2aKO), Doc2b-/- (Doc2bKO) and Doc2a-/-/Doc2b-/-(Doc2a/Doc2bKO) mice in vivo. In vitro GSIS and glucose uptake were assessed in isolated tissues, and exocytotic proteins measured by western blotting. GLUT4 translocation was assessed by epifluorescence microscopy. Results Doc2b mRNA was detected in all tissues tested, whereas Doc2a was only detected in islets and the brain. Doc2aKO and Doc2bKO mice had minor glucose intolerance, while Doc2a/Doc2bKO mice showed pronounced glucose intolerance. GSIS was markedly impaired in Doc2a/ Doc2bKO mice in vivo, and in isolated Doc2a/Doc2bKO islets in vitro. In contrast, Doc2bKO mice had only subtle defects in insulin secretion in vivo. Insulin action was impaired to a similar degree in both Doc2bKO and Doc2a/ Doc2bKO mice. In vitro insulin-stimulated glucose transport and GLUT4 vesicle fusion were defective in adipocytes derived from Doc2bKO mice. Surprisingly, insulin action was not altered in muscle isolated from DOC2-null mice. Conclusions/interpretation Our study identifies a critical role for DOC2B in insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in adipo-cytes, and for the synergistic regulation of GSIS by DOC2A and DOC2B in beta cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2173-2182
Number of pages10
JournalDiabetologia
Volume57
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jul 2014

Keywords

  • Adipocyte
  • Beta cell
  • Diabetes
  • DOC2
  • Double C2 domain protein
  • Exocytosis
  • Glucose homeostasis
  • GLUT4
  • Insulin action
  • Insulin secretion

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