Does an ileoanal pouch offer a better quality of life than a permanent ileostomy for patients with ulcerative colitis?

John Camilleri-Brennan, Alexander Munro, Robert J. C. Steele

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    64 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Although an ileoanal pouch is frequently offered to patients with ulcerative colitis, it is still not clear to what extent this operation offers advantages over a permanent ileostomy. The aim of this study was to determine whether patients with a pouch have less morbidity and a better quality of life than a matched group of patients with a Brooke ileostomy. Nineteen patients (12 males and 7 females, median age 41 years) who had undergone total colectomy and ileoanal pouch formation for ulcerative colitis were individually matched with patients who had had a panproctocolectomy and ileostomy; patients were matched for disease process, sex, age, socioeconomic status, and time since surgery. Quality of life was assessed using the Short-Form 36 version 2 questionnaire, the inflammatory bowel disease questionnaire, and a few additional questions on perception of body image. The scores were compared using the nonparametric Wilcoxon signed-rank test for paired samples. The number and type of postoperative complications, as well as the number of operative stages, were recorded prospectively. Restorative proctocolectomy was associated with a significantly better perception of body image than a permanent stoma, although quality of life in general was similar in both groups. Patients with a pouch had more long-term complications than patients with an ileostomy within the same period of time (52.6% vs. 26.3%). The median number of stages for pouch construction was two, compared to a median of one stage for an ileostomy (P
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)814-9
    Number of pages6
    JournalJournal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
    Volume7
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 10 Jan 2003

    Keywords

    • Adult
    • Colitis, Ulcerative
    • Female
    • Humans
    • Ileostomy
    • Male
    • Proctocolectomy, Restorative
    • Quality of Life
    • Questionnaires
    • Statistics, Nonparametric
    • Treatment Outcome

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