Does tourism degrade environmental quality? A comparative study of Eastern and Western European Union

Sudharshan Reddy Paramati, Muhammad Shahbaz, Md Samsul Alam

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    27 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of tourism on economic growth and carbon dioxide emissions in Eastern and Western European Union (EU) countries by incorporating FDI and trade in the production and CO2 emission functions. We apply panel econometric techniques which account for cross-sectional dependence and heterogeneity. The results of Westerlund panel cointegration test confirm a long-run equilibrium relationship among the variables. Results from long-run elasticities suggest that tourism stimulates economic growth in Eastern and Western EU countries. However, tourism increases CO2 emissions in Eastern EU but decreases in Western EU. This indicates that tourism has an adverse effect on the environment in Eastern EU. Finally, short-run heterogeneous panel causality test results suggest that tourism causes CO2 emissions in Eastern EU while economic growth and CO2 emissions cause tourism in Western EU. Overall, our findings suggest that tourism plays an important role in accelerating economic growth; however, its role on CO2 emissions largely depends on the adaptation of sustainable tourism policies and efficient management.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-13
    Number of pages13
    JournalTransportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment
    Volume50
    Early online date9 Nov 2016
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2017

    Fingerprint

    Western European Union
    environmental quality
    European Union
    comparative study
    tourism
    Tourism
    economic growth
    Economics
    tourism economics
    tourism policy
    cause
    ecotourism
    econometrics
    causality
    elasticity
    Elasticity
    Carbon dioxide
    carbon dioxide

    Keywords

    • Eastern and Western EU
    • Environmental quality
    • FDI inflows
    • Sustainable tourism
    • Trade

    Cite this

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    title = "Does tourism degrade environmental quality? A comparative study of Eastern and Western European Union",
    abstract = "The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of tourism on economic growth and carbon dioxide emissions in Eastern and Western European Union (EU) countries by incorporating FDI and trade in the production and CO2 emission functions. We apply panel econometric techniques which account for cross-sectional dependence and heterogeneity. The results of Westerlund panel cointegration test confirm a long-run equilibrium relationship among the variables. Results from long-run elasticities suggest that tourism stimulates economic growth in Eastern and Western EU countries. However, tourism increases CO2 emissions in Eastern EU but decreases in Western EU. This indicates that tourism has an adverse effect on the environment in Eastern EU. Finally, short-run heterogeneous panel causality test results suggest that tourism causes CO2 emissions in Eastern EU while economic growth and CO2 emissions cause tourism in Western EU. Overall, our findings suggest that tourism plays an important role in accelerating economic growth; however, its role on CO2 emissions largely depends on the adaptation of sustainable tourism policies and efficient management.",
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    author = "Paramati, {Sudharshan Reddy} and Muhammad Shahbaz and Alam, {Md Samsul}",
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    Does tourism degrade environmental quality? A comparative study of Eastern and Western European Union. / Paramati, Sudharshan Reddy; Shahbaz, Muhammad; Alam, Md Samsul.

    In: Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, Vol. 50, 01.2017, p. 1-13.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AU - Paramati, Sudharshan Reddy

    AU - Shahbaz, Muhammad

    AU - Alam, Md Samsul

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    AB - The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of tourism on economic growth and carbon dioxide emissions in Eastern and Western European Union (EU) countries by incorporating FDI and trade in the production and CO2 emission functions. We apply panel econometric techniques which account for cross-sectional dependence and heterogeneity. The results of Westerlund panel cointegration test confirm a long-run equilibrium relationship among the variables. Results from long-run elasticities suggest that tourism stimulates economic growth in Eastern and Western EU countries. However, tourism increases CO2 emissions in Eastern EU but decreases in Western EU. This indicates that tourism has an adverse effect on the environment in Eastern EU. Finally, short-run heterogeneous panel causality test results suggest that tourism causes CO2 emissions in Eastern EU while economic growth and CO2 emissions cause tourism in Western EU. Overall, our findings suggest that tourism plays an important role in accelerating economic growth; however, its role on CO2 emissions largely depends on the adaptation of sustainable tourism policies and efficient management.

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