Domestic Violence against Women Detected and Managed in Dental Practice: a Systematic Review

Cláudio Tarso de Jesus Santos Nascimento, Murilo Navarro de Oliveira, Maria Tereza Campos Vidigal, Gabriel Santiago Giuglio Inocêncio, Walbert de Andrade Vieira, Ademir Franco, Meire Coelho Ferreira, Luiz Renato Paranhos (Lead / Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the knowledge of dental care professionals to identify and manage clinical situations that indicate violence against women. PRISMA guidelines were followed and a systematic review protocol was registered in PROSPERO. The systematic search was designed based on the PICo strategy. Six databases were used as primary research sources (PubMed, Scopus, LILACS, SciELO, Web of Science, and Embase). Three databases (OpenGrey, OpenThesis, and OATD) were used to detect the "grey literature". Observational studies (cross-sectional, cohort, or case-control) were included, and there were no restrictions of year or language of publication. Two authors selected and extracted the data from the eligible studies. The risk of bias was assessed with the JBI Critical Appraisal Checklist. The search resulted in 10,115 studies. Eleven met the eligibility criteria and were included in the qualitative synthesis. The studies were published from 1994 to 2018. All studies presented low risk of bias. Among the dental care professionals, only 1-7.1% of the dentists included injury search and examination of their patients for signs of violence. Less than 47% of the professionals had knowledge to identify violence injuries. When it comes to knowledge to identify signs of domestic violence, positive answers were below 24%. Considering all the variables assessed in this study, dental care professionals presented deficiencies regarding the knowledge and management of situations of domestic violence against women. Educational strategies are necessary to prepare dental care professional to identify and report suspicious cases.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Family Violence
Early online date6 Jan 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 6 Jan 2022

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Domestic violence
  • Forensic dentistry
  • Intimate partner violence

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