Dominant mutants identify new roles for p34cdc2 in mitosis

K Labib, R. A. Craven, K. Crawford, P. Nurse

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    Abstract

    A large number of dominant mutants have been generated in the fission yeast cdc2 gene, causing lethality when expressed in wild-type cells, The mutants interfere with distinct aspects of p34(cdc2) function, producing one of four different phenotypes: mitotic arrest, multiple rounds of S phase in the absence of mitosis, premature mitosis or G(2) arrest, The mitotic mutants DL41, DL45 and DL50 are characterized in this paper, Over-expression of DL41 or DL45 causes mitotic arrest, specifically interfering with sister chromatid separation, without preventing spindle elongation, This suggests a role for p34(cdc2) in triggering sister chromatid separation at anaphase, DL41 and DL45 also cause abnormal septum formation, suggesting that p34(cdc2) may also be involved in regulating this process in fission yeast, These mitotic aspects of p34(cdc2) function may involve interaction with p13(suc1), since increased expression of suc1 partially suppresses DL41 and DL45. Over-expression of DL50 causes premature mitotic entry in cells that have not completed S phase, resulting in lethality, DL41, DL45 and DL50 correspond to mutation of p34(cdc2) residues predicted to be on the surface of the protein, identifying potential sites of interaction with mitotic regulators of p33(cdc2), and these residues are conserved amongst cdc2 proteins found in other eukaryotes.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2155-2165
    Number of pages11
    JournalEMBO Journal
    Volume14
    Issue number10
    Publication statusPublished - 1995

    Keywords

    • GENETIC-ANALYSIS
    • DOMINANT MUTANTS
    • YEAST SCHIZOSACCHAROMYCES-POMBE
    • MATURATION-PROMOTING FACTOR
    • CDC2
    • MITOTIC KINASE
    • P34CDC2 PROTEIN-KINASE
    • FISSION YEAST
    • SCHIZOSACCHAROMYCES POMBE
    • DNA-REPLICATION
    • CELL CYCLE
    • CELL-CYCLE
    • SACCHAROMYCES-CEREVISIAE
    • ASPERGILLUS-NIDULANS
    • MITOSIS

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