Drought stress increases the expression of barley defence genes with negative consequences for infesting cereal aphids

Daniel J. Leybourne, Tracy A. Valentine, Kirsty Binnie, Anna Taylor, Alison J. Karley (Lead / Corresponding author), Jorunn I. B. Bos (Lead / Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Crops are exposed to myriad abiotic and biotic stressors with negative consequences. Two stressors that are expected to increase under climate change are drought and infestation with herbivorous insects, including important aphid species. Expanding our understanding of the impact drought has on the plant-aphid relationship will become increasingly important under future climate scenarios. Here we use a previously characterized plant-aphid system comprising a susceptible variety of barley, a wild relative of barley with partial aphid resistance, and the bird cherry-oat aphid to examine the drought-plant-aphid relationship. We show that drought has a negative effect on plant physiology and aphid fitness, and provide evidence to suggest that plant resistance influences aphid responses to drought stress. Furthermore, we show that the expression of thionin genes, plant defensive compounds that contribute to aphid resistance, increase in susceptible plants exposed to drought stress but remain at constant levels in the partially resistant plant, suggesting that they play an important role in determining the success of aphid populations. This study highlights the role of plant defensive processes in mediating the interactions between the environment, plants, and herbivorous insects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2238-2250
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Experimental Botany
Volume73
Issue number7
Early online date28 Jan 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Apr 2022

Keywords

  • Aphid responses
  • environment
  • drought stress
  • defence
  • partial resistance
  • barley

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