Image-guided surgery is today considered to be of significant importance in neurosurgical applications. However, one of its major shortcomings is its reliance on preoperative image data, which does not account for brain deformations and displacements that occur during surgery. In this work, we propose to tackle this issue through the incorporation of an ultrasound device within the type of biopsy needles commonly used as an interventional tool to provide immediate feedback to neurosurgeons during surgical procedures. To identify the most appropriate path to access a targeted tissue site, single-element transducers that look either forward or sideways have been designed and fabricated. Micromolded 1-3 piezocomposites were adopted as the active materials for feasibility tests and epoxy lenses have been applied to focus the ultrasound beam. Electrical impedance analysis, pulse-echo testing, and wire phantom scanning have been carried out, demonstrating the functionality of the needle transducers at ∼16 MHz. The capabilities of these transducers for intraoperative image guidance were demonstrated by imaging within soft-embalmed cadaveric human brain and fresh porcine brain.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2016|
- 1-3 composite
- needle ultrasound transducer