Dual-specificity phosphatase 5 regulates nuclear ERK activity and suppresses skin cancer by inhibiting mutant Harvey-Ras (HRasQ61L)-driven SerpinB2 expression

Linda K. Rushworth, Andrew M. Kidger, Laurent Delavaine, Graeme Stewart, Susanne van Schelven, Jane Davidson, Christopher J. Bryant, Edward Caddye, Philip East, Christopher J. Caunt, Stephen M. Keyse (Lead / Corresponding author)

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    41 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Ectopic expression of dual-specificity phosphatase 5 (DUSP5), an inducible mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase phosphatase, specifically inactivates and anchors extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)1/2 in the nucleus. However, the role of endogenous DUSP5 in regulating the outcome of Ras/ERK kinase signaling under normal and pathological conditions is unknown. Here we report that mice lacking DUSP5 show a greatly increased sensitivity to mutant Harvey-Ras (HRas(Q61L))-driven papilloma formation in the 7,12-Dimethylbenz[a]anthracene/12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (DMBA/TPA) model of skin carcinogenesis. Furthermore, mouse embryo fibroblasts (MEFs) from DUSP5(-/-) mice show increased levels of nuclear phospho-ERK immediately after TPA stimulation and fail to accumulate total ERK in the nucleus compared with DUSP5(+/+) cells. Surprisingly, a microarray analysis reveals that only a small number of Ras/ERK-dependent TPA-responsive transcripts are up-regulated on deletion of DUSP5 in MEFs and mouse skin. The most up-regulated gene on DUSP5 loss encodes SerpinB2, an inhibitor of extracellular urokinase plasminogen activator and deletion of DUSP5 acts synergistically with mutant HRas(Q61L) and TPA to activate ERK-dependent SerpinB2 expression at the transcriptional level. SerpinB2 has previously been implicated as a mediator of DMBA/TPA-induced skin carcinogenesis. By analyzing DUSP5(-/-), SerpinB2(-/-) double knockout mice, we demonstrate that deletion of SerpinB2 abrogates the increased sensitivity to papilloma formation seen on DUSP5 deletion. We conclude that DUSP5 performs a key nonredundant role in regulating nuclear ERK activation, localization, and gene expression. Furthermore, our results suggest an in vivo role for DUSP5 as a tumor suppressor by modulating the oncogenic potential of activated Ras in the epidermis.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)18267-18272
    Number of pages6
    JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
    Volume111
    Issue number51
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 23 Dec 2014

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