Dynamic response of multi-unit floating offshore wind turbines to wave, current and wind loads

Azin Lamei, Masoud Hayatdavoodi (Lead / Corresponding author), H. Ronald Riggs, R. Cengiz Ertekin

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Abstract

Motion of a multi-unit wind-tracing floating offshore wind turbine (FOWT) to combined wave–current and wind is obtained in the frequency-domain. The linear diffraction wave theory with a Green function for small current speeds and the blade-element momentum method are used for the hydrodynamic and aerodynamic analysis, respectively. A finite-element method is coupled with the hydrodynamic and aerodynamic equations to obtain the elastic responses of the FOWT to the environmental loads. The wind-tracing FOWT consists of three 5 MW wind turbines installed at the corners of an equilateral triangular platform. The platform is connected to the seabed through a turret-bearing mooring system, allowing the structure to rotate and face the dominant wind direction; hence, the multi-unit FOWT is called the wind-tracing FOWT. In this study, rigid-body responses of the wind-tracing FOWT to waves and wind are compared with those to combined wave, current, and wind loads for several current speeds and various wave heading angles. For a chosen current speed and wave heading angle, hydro- and aeroelastic responses of the wind-tracing FOWT to combined waves, current, and wind are obtained and compared with those of the rigid structure. Discussion is provided on the effect of the wave–current interaction on the motion and elastic responses of the wind-tracing FOWT. The numerical results show that under the rated wind speed, the motion of the wind-tracing FOWT is mainly governed by the wave-induced hydrodynamic forces and moments and the presence of current results in larger elastic motion of the FOWT to the environmental loads.
Original languageEnglish
Article number023307
JournalJournal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Apr 2024

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