e-ASPECTS Improves Sensitivity to Early Ischemic Injury on Acute Computed Tomography Scans

Julia Chriashkova, Nisha Menon, Annie Chakrabarti, Paul Guyler, Shyam Kelavkar, Annalu Kuhn, Johann Kulikovski, Gouri Koduri, George Harston, Inam Haq, Anna Podlasek, Christine Roffe, Carlos Alvarez, Kavita Vani, Viola Wagner, Silke Walter, Iris Quasar Grunwald

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: ASPECTS (Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score) is a validated scoring system for assessment of early ischemic change (EIC) on CT head scans, which can be used to guide patient management and improve diagnostic accuracy. Detection of EIC can be challenging particularly for less experienced clinicians. e-ASPECTS software uses machine learning algorithms to support physicians in detecting EIC, which can be quantified using the ASPECTS score.

Hypothesis: e-ASPECTS shortens time for CT scan assessment and improves agreement with reference standard ASPECTS when compared to blinded assessment.

Methods: 26 clinicians (including 11 radiologists, 6 junior and 7 consultant stroke physicians, and 2 non-specialist physicians) independently scored 2560 ASPECTS regions from 64 patients for signs of EIC on non-contrast CT brain scans. These were acquired within 4.5 hours of stroke onset. A familiarization training set of 5 patients was used prior to scoring. Images were randomized to manual or software assistance. After two weeks images were rescored using the alternative method. Scorers were blinded to clinical symptoms. Reference standard scores were defined by an independent neuroradiologist with information on clinical symptoms, access to 24h follow-up, and with CT perfusion or MRI scans when available.

Results: Mean NIHSS was 11. Mean time to score scans fell by 34% (45s, 2:12 to 1:27, mm:ss) using e-ASPECTS assistance. Rater agreement with ground truth was greatest in the radiologist cohort, but performance improved across all clinician categories using e-APSECTS assistance (radiology kappa: 0.26 to 0.38). Sensitivity to EIC improved by a factor of two across all clinician groups using e-ASPECTS assistance, and this was most marked for less experienced physicians.

Conclusion: In acute ischemic stroke e-ASPECTS assisted analysis increased accuracy and reduced time for detection of EIC. Routine assistance of non-contrast CT interpretation has the potential to reduce treatment times and improve accuracy across clinicians and sites.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberWMP14
JournalStroke
Volume50
Issue numberSupplement 1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
EventInternational Stroke Conference 2019 - Honolulu, United States
Duration: 6 Feb 20198 Feb 2019

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