Projects per year
Multiple protein ubiquitination events at DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) regulate damage recognition, signaling and repair. It has remained poorly understood how the repair process of DSBs is coordinated with the apoptotic response. Here, we identified the E4 ubiquitin ligase UFD-2 as a mediator of DNA-damage-induced apoptosis in a genetic screen in Caenorhabditis elegans. We found that, after initiation of homologous recombination by RAD-51, UFD-2 forms foci that contain substrate-processivity factors including the ubiquitin-selective segregase CDC-48 (p97), the deubiquitination enzyme ATX-3 (Ataxin-3) and the proteasome. In the absence of UFD-2, RAD-51 foci persist, and DNA damage-induced apoptosis is prevented. In contrast, UFD-2 foci are retained until recombination intermediates are removed by the Holliday-junction-processing enzymes GEN-1, MUS-81 or XPF-1. Formation of UFD-2 foci also requires proapoptotic CEP-1 (p53) signaling. Our findings establish a central role of UFD-2 in the coordination between the DNA-repair process and the apoptotic response.
- DNA damage response
- Double-strand DNA breaks
- Ubiquitin ligases
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- 2 Finished
ADDRess - Joint Training and Research Network on Chromatin Dynamics and the DNA Damage Response (Joint with Foundation for Research and Technology, Greece, Erasmus University, Universities of Cologne and Copenhagen Centre for European Research into Biology & Medicine, Institute of Molecular Oncology Foundation, National Centre for Investigation in Oncology Carlos III, Cancer Research UK and Industrial Partners)
1/08/17 → 31/07/18