The current management of patients with gallstone disease and ductal calculi consists of endoscopic stone extraction (ESE) followed by laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Following the advent of techniques of laparoscopic ductal stone clearance, an alternative single-stage laparoscopic treatment was introduced for these patients. The European Association of Endoscopic Surgery (E.A. E.S.) set up a ductal stone trial to compare the relative efficacy and outcome of these two management options.
- Aged, 80 and over
- Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic
- Length of Stay
- Middle Aged
- Prospective Studies
- Treatment Outcome
Cuschieri, A., Lezoche, E., Morino, M., Croce, E., Lacy, A., Toouli, J., Faggioni, A., Ribeiro, V. M., Jakimowicz, J., Visa, J., & Hanna, G. B. (1999). E.A.E.S. multicenter prospective randomized trial comparing two-stage vs single-stage management of patients with gallstone disease and ductal calculi. Surgical Endoscopy, 13(10), 952-957. https://doi.org/10.1007/s004649901145