Ecosystems

Dan Tarlock

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Abstract

    International environmental law has two overarching and related objectives: the prevention of pollution and health risks from the uncontrolled application of modern technology and science that cross national borders or degrade global commons; and the protection of representative natural systems or areas of 'nature' which are deemed to be of global significance from the adverse impacts of human modification. The scientific construct 'ecosystem' has profoundly influenced the development of domestic and international 'nature' protection programmes, from the reduction of greenhouse gases to biodiversity conservation. Ecosystem conservation is a central objective of the widely accepted international norm that all countries should exploit and use their natural resources in an environmentally sustainable manner. There are overlapping, historical, conceptual, and institutional reasons for the amorphous and ultimately marginal legal status of ecosystems in international law. This article explores the powerful but uncertain status of ecosystems in international law, the stability hypothesis of ecosystems, adaptive management as a new legal paradigm for ecosystem conservation, ecosystems and commons beyond state jurisdiction, and stewardship sovereignty.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationThe Oxford Handbook of International Environmental Law
    EditorsDaniel Bodansky, Jutta Brunnée, Ellen Hey
    Place of PublicationOxford
    PublisherOxford University Press
    Pages574-596
    Number of pages23
    ISBN (Electronic)9780191743740
    ISBN (Print)9780199552153
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2007

    Keywords

    • Adaptive management
    • Commons
    • Ecosystem conservation
    • Ecosystems
    • International environmental law
    • International law
    • Stability hypothesis
    • State jurisdiction
    • Stewardship sovereignty

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  • Cite this

    Tarlock, D. (2007). Ecosystems. In D. Bodansky, J. Brunnée, & E. Hey (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of International Environmental Law (pp. 574-596). Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199552153.013.0024