Effect of phenylephrine with and without atropine on QT dispersion in healthy normotensive men

Kok-Meng Yee, Pitt O. Lim, Simon A. Ogston, Allan D. Struthers

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    19 Citations (Scopus)


    The present study examined if changes in cardiac after-load would affect QT interval dispersion. QT dispersion (QTd) on the 12-lead electrocardiogram is believed to be a noninvasive measure of electrical inhomogeneity in the heart and has recently been identified as a sensitive predictor of sudden cardiac death. In experimental models, an increase in cardiac afterload has been shown to alter action potential durations through mechanoelectrical feedback. This may result in an altered dispersion of action potential repolarization in the ventricle. Until now, there has been little evidence for this occurring in man in vivo. In the present study, the effects of afterload on QTd were examined in 10 healthy male volunteers (mean age [SD] 25 years [4.5]) who received an intravenous infusion of phenylephrine (0.2 to 3.6 microg/kg/min) given in incremental doses, and placebo in a blinded, crossover fashion. Because phenylephrine is known to alter heart rate (HR) significantly (via a reflex vagal response), the study was performed with and without atropine. We found a significant positive correlation between acute changes in blood pressure (BP) and changes in all QTd indexes (deltaQTd/delta systolic BP and deltaQTcd/deltasystolic BP r values 0.67 and 0.60, respectively; p
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)69-74
    Number of pages6
    JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2000


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