Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors such as perindopril have been proposed as treatments to improve muscle mass and physical performance but have not been tested in randomised controlled trials enrolling patients with sarcopenia.
We conducted a placebo-controlled, parallel group, double-blind, randomised two-by-two factorial trial. Participants aged 70 and over with low muscle mass by bioimpedance and either low grip strength or low walk speed, were recruited from 14 UK sites. Participants were randomised to receive one year of perindopril 4 mg once daily or matching placebo, and to receive leucine powder 2.5 g three times a day or matching placebo. The primary outcome was the between-group difference in the Short Physical Performance Battery, measured at baseline, 6 and 12 months, analysed using repeated-measures mixed models. Secondary outcomes included grip strength, quadriceps strength, six-minute walk distance, appendicular muscle mass measured by dual x-ray absorptiometry, quality of life measured using the EQ5D tool, falls rates and adverse events.
We screened 320 people and randomised 145 participants, mean age 79 (SD 6) years; 78 (54%) were women and the mean SPPB was 7.0 (SD 2.4). 73 were randomised to perindopril and 72 to placebo. Median adherence was lower for perindopril (76% vs 96%; p
Perindopril did not improve measures of physical performance, muscle mass or quality of life in older people with sarcopenia.