Effects of 2-MCPD on oxidative stress in different organs of male mice

Katharina Schultrich, Colin J. Henderson, Thorsten Buhrke, Albert Braeuning (Lead / Corresponding author)

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3 Citations (Scopus)
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2-Monochloropropane-1,3-diol (2-MCPD) and its isomer 3-monochloropropane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) are widespread food contaminants. 3-MCPD has been classified as a non-genotoxic carcinogen, whereas very limited toxicological data are available for 2-MCPD. Animal studies indicate that heart and skeletal muscle are target organs of 2-MCPD. Oxidative stress may play a role in this process, and the potential of 3-MCPD to induce oxidative stress in vivo has already been demonstrated. To investigate the potential of 2-MCPD to induce oxidative stress in vivo, a 28-day oral feeding study in male HOTT reporter mice was conducted. This mouse model allows monitoring substance-induced oxidative stress in various target organs on the basis of Hmox1 promoter activation. Repeated daily doses of up to 100 mg 2-MCPD/kg body weight did not result in substantial toxicity. Furthermore, the highest dose of 2-MCPD had only minor effects on oxidative stress in kidney and testes, whereas brain, heart and skeletal muscle were not affected. Additionally, 2-MCPD caused only mild changes in the expression of Nrf2-dependent genes and only slightly affected the redox status of the redox-sensor protein DJ-1. Thus, the data indicate that 2-MCPD, in contrast to its isomer 3-MCPD, does not lead to a considerable induction of oxidative stress in male mice.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111459
Number of pages8
JournalFood and Chemical Toxicology
Early online date29 May 2020
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020


  • 2-MCPD
  • Hmox1 activation
  • Oxidative stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Toxicology


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