Effects of heterogeneous catalysis in porous media on nanofluid-based reactions

Chunyan Liu, Mingyang Pan, Liancun Zheng, Ping Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper studies a new type of homogeneous(HOM)-heterogeneous(HET) reactions in Al2O3-water-based nanofluid flowing through porous media over a stretching plate. Prior investigators have focused mainly on the catalytic effects on the plate, we model the influence of heterogeneous catalysis in porous media on these reactions. The HET reactions on the surfaces of porous media and plate are both governed by the first-order kinetics, while the HOM reaction in the fluid is given by the isothermal cubic autocatalytic kinetics. In addition, the thermal conductivity of four distinct shapes of nanoparticle, sphere, brick, cylinder, and platelet, is taken into consideration with the Hamilton-Crosser model. The obtained nonlinear differential systems simplified by using similarity transformations are numerically calculated by the bvp4c algorithm. Results demonstrate that the increase of interfacial area of porous media enhances the rate of surface-catalyzed reaction and therefore porous media can greatly shorten the chemical reaction time. Moreover, we find that platelet nanoparticles exhibit the highest convective heat transfer capacity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104434
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer
Volume110
Early online date30 Nov 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020

Keywords

  • Nanofluid
  • Particle shape
  • Porous media
  • Surface-catalyzed reaction

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