Effects of near-fault ground motions on dynamic response of slopes based on shaking table model tests

Yangjuan Bao, Yu Huang (Lead / Corresponding author), Chongqiang Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Slope instability and failure frequently occur in areas near faults. A series of shaking table model tests were conducted to examine dynamic response of slopes to near-fault ground motion in the time and frequency domains. Effects of the intensity and pulse characteristics of near-fault ground motions on slope response were examined. Test results show that peak ground acceleration (PGA) induced by near-fault ground motion is amplified by elevation. When the amplitude of seismic loading exceeds a critical value (which is between 0.2 g and 0.5 g), intensity of near-fault ground motion increases, amplification of PGA by elevation weakens, and the high-frequency filtering effect of the slope is enhanced. Amplification of PGA by elevation and interfacial reflections are more prominent under pulse-like than non-pulse-like waves. The PGA amplification factor of the slope crest under pulse-like wave is 1.2 times of that triggered by non-pulse-like wave. Due to the interfacial reflections, vertical accelerations can be monitored simultaneously in cases which have only horizontal seismic loadings. The vertical PGA is 72.4% of horizontal PGA when the intensity of pulse-like waves is 1.1 g. These findings can provide a basis for designing earthquake-resistant of slopes near faults.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106869
Number of pages13
JournalSoil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering
Early online date25 Jun 2021
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021


  • Amplification of acceleration by elevation
  • Dynamic response
  • Near-fault ground motion
  • Shaking table test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Soil Science


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