Effects of vertical loading on lateral screw pile performance

Therar Al-Baghdadi (Lead / Corresponding author), Michael J. Brown, Jonathan A. Knappett, Asad H. Al-Defae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)
244 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The offshore wind energy sector faces new challenges as it moves into deeper water deployment. To meet these challenges new and efficient foundation solutions are required. One potential solution is to upscale onshore screw piles but they require verification of performance for new geometries and demanding loading regimes. This paper presents a 3D Finite Element Analysis (3D-FEA) investigation of screw pile behaviour when subjected to combined vertical and lateral loading in sand. The investigation varied screw pile length (L) and helical plate diameter (Dh) on piles with fixed core diameter (Dp) whilst subjecting the piles to combined axial and lateral loading. The results were compared to straight shafted piles with the same core diameter. The results of the analysis show that vertical compression loads increase the lateral capacity of screw piles whereas vertical uplift loads marginally reduce the lateral capacity. The down side of this enhanced lateral capacity is that the screw piles experience higher bending moments. This suggest that when using screw piles for offshore foundation applications structures should be designed to maintain axial compressive loads on the piles and that induced bending moments need to be adequately assessed when deciding on appropriate structural sections.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)259-272
Number of pages14
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Geotechnical Engineering
Volume170
Issue number3
Early online date17 Feb 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2017

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Piles
pile
Bending moments
effect
Wind power
Sand
deep water
uplift
compression
Finite element method
geometry
sand
Geometry

Keywords

  • Geotechnical engineering
  • Offshore engineering
  • Piles & piling

Cite this

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title = "Effects of vertical loading on lateral screw pile performance",
abstract = "The offshore wind energy sector faces new challenges as it moves into deeper water deployment. To meet these challenges new and efficient foundation solutions are required. One potential solution is to upscale onshore screw piles but they require verification of performance for new geometries and demanding loading regimes. This paper presents a 3D Finite Element Analysis (3D-FEA) investigation of screw pile behaviour when subjected to combined vertical and lateral loading in sand. The investigation varied screw pile length (L) and helical plate diameter (Dh) on piles with fixed core diameter (Dp) whilst subjecting the piles to combined axial and lateral loading. The results were compared to straight shafted piles with the same core diameter. The results of the analysis show that vertical compression loads increase the lateral capacity of screw piles whereas vertical uplift loads marginally reduce the lateral capacity. The down side of this enhanced lateral capacity is that the screw piles experience higher bending moments. This suggest that when using screw piles for offshore foundation applications structures should be designed to maintain axial compressive loads on the piles and that induced bending moments need to be adequately assessed when deciding on appropriate structural sections.",
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note = "EPSRC project EP/N006054/1: Supergen Windhub Grand Challenges Project: 27 Screw piles for wind energy foundations",
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Effects of vertical loading on lateral screw pile performance. / Al-Baghdadi, Therar (Lead / Corresponding author); Brown, Michael J.; Knappett, Jonathan A.; Al-Defae, Asad H.

In: Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Geotechnical Engineering, Vol. 170, No. 3, 06.2017, p. 259-272.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of vertical loading on lateral screw pile performance

AU - Al-Baghdadi, Therar

AU - Brown, Michael J.

AU - Knappett, Jonathan A.

AU - Al-Defae, Asad H.

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PY - 2017/6

Y1 - 2017/6

N2 - The offshore wind energy sector faces new challenges as it moves into deeper water deployment. To meet these challenges new and efficient foundation solutions are required. One potential solution is to upscale onshore screw piles but they require verification of performance for new geometries and demanding loading regimes. This paper presents a 3D Finite Element Analysis (3D-FEA) investigation of screw pile behaviour when subjected to combined vertical and lateral loading in sand. The investigation varied screw pile length (L) and helical plate diameter (Dh) on piles with fixed core diameter (Dp) whilst subjecting the piles to combined axial and lateral loading. The results were compared to straight shafted piles with the same core diameter. The results of the analysis show that vertical compression loads increase the lateral capacity of screw piles whereas vertical uplift loads marginally reduce the lateral capacity. The down side of this enhanced lateral capacity is that the screw piles experience higher bending moments. This suggest that when using screw piles for offshore foundation applications structures should be designed to maintain axial compressive loads on the piles and that induced bending moments need to be adequately assessed when deciding on appropriate structural sections.

AB - The offshore wind energy sector faces new challenges as it moves into deeper water deployment. To meet these challenges new and efficient foundation solutions are required. One potential solution is to upscale onshore screw piles but they require verification of performance for new geometries and demanding loading regimes. This paper presents a 3D Finite Element Analysis (3D-FEA) investigation of screw pile behaviour when subjected to combined vertical and lateral loading in sand. The investigation varied screw pile length (L) and helical plate diameter (Dh) on piles with fixed core diameter (Dp) whilst subjecting the piles to combined axial and lateral loading. The results were compared to straight shafted piles with the same core diameter. The results of the analysis show that vertical compression loads increase the lateral capacity of screw piles whereas vertical uplift loads marginally reduce the lateral capacity. The down side of this enhanced lateral capacity is that the screw piles experience higher bending moments. This suggest that when using screw piles for offshore foundation applications structures should be designed to maintain axial compressive loads on the piles and that induced bending moments need to be adequately assessed when deciding on appropriate structural sections.

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