Efficacy of rehabilitation following provision of ICRC lower limb prostheses in low-and middle-income countries: a quantitative assessment from Myanmar

Stephney Weerasinghe, Alejandra Aranceta-Garza, Laura Murray (Lead / Corresponding author)

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Abstract

Background: Low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) have poorly resourced health services. Lack of access to assistive devices, such as prosthetics, may limit the functional outcomes of persons with amputation and affect quality of life (QoL).

Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the functional level and QoL of prosthetic users in LMICs when prescribed a prosthesis made from International Committee for Red Cross (ICRC) components.

Study design: The study design included a quantitative descriptive methodology assessing functional outcomes and QoL after prosthetic provision.

Methods: Participants were identified from the prosthetic service in Mandalay, Myanmar. Included participants were those with unilateral, traumatic, lower limb amputations, with ICRC devices delivered at least 6 months earlier. Participants attended the prosthetic service and were assessed using the Amputee Mobility Predictor with Prosthesis tool and the World Health Organization Quality of Life Brief and Disability modules.

Results: Thirty-five participants completed the study; of them, 63% were persons with transtibial level amputation and 37% were with transfemoral level amputation. Approximately 83% achieved a score of more than 37 using the Amputee Mobility Predictor with Prosthesis. There is a strong positive correlation between QoL and physical health (r = 0.55; p < 0.001), social relationships (r = 0.66; p < 0.001), and inclusion (r = 0.53; p < 0.001). Participants had a better QoL and overall health when they had better psychological health.

Conclusion: The patient-based results presented within this study could be considered as a contribution to the evidence base and importance of provision of prosthetic services in LMICs. It was observed that participants with an amputation were able to achieve a high level of physical function with the ICRC prostheses while also reporting a high QoL.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5-12
Number of pages8
JournalProsthetics and Orthotics International
Volume48
Issue number1
Early online date20 Oct 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2024

Keywords

  • ICRC components
  • Amputee Mobility Predictor with prosthesis (AMPPRO)
  • World health Organisation Quality of life Brief (WHOQoL Bref)
  • outcome measures
  • low-income rehabilitation
  • Amputee Mobility Predictor with Prosthesis (AMPPRO)
  • World Health Organization quality of life Brief (WHOQoL-Bref)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Health Professions (miscellaneous)

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