Electricity consumption in Australia: The role of clean energy in reducing CO2 emissions

Khalid Ahmed, Nicholas Apergis, Mita Bhattacharya (Lead / Corresponding author), Sudharshan Reddy Paramati

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14 Citations (Scopus)
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Electricity consumption is the primary source of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in Australia. Hence, this research study aims to analyse the role of clean energy consumption on CO2 emissions and electricity consumption in Australia by making use of yearly data, 1980–2014 and a battery of time series econometric techniques. The autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) method is employed to investigate the short- and long-run estimates, while the Bayer and Hanck (2013) test is used to examine the cointegration relationship among the variables. The results from the ARDL technique show that a 1% increase in clean energy consumption reduces per capita CO2 emissions and per capita electricity consumption by 5.50% and 1.19%, respectively in the long-run. The findings also confirm a significant long-run association among the variables. As such, it is emphasised that the government should take further initiatives toward a wider deployment of clean energy use, along with sustainable urbanisation to reduce per capita electricity consumption and CO2 emissions in Australia.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5535-5548
Number of pages14
JournalApplied Economics
Issue number48
Early online date25 May 2021
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Australia
  • Electricity
  • CO2 emissions
  • Cointegration and Clean Energy


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