Electricity consumption in Australia: The role of clean energy in reducing CO2 emissions

Khalid Ahmed, Nicholas Apergis, Mita Bhattacharya (Lead / Corresponding author), Sudharshan Reddy Paramati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Electricity consumption is the primary source of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in Australia. Hence, this research study aims to analyse the role of clean energy consumption on CO2 emissions and electricity consumption in Australia by making use of yearly data, 1980–2014 and a battery of time series econometric techniques. The autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) method is employed to investigate the short- and long-run estimates, while the Bayer and Hanck (2013) test is used to examine the cointegration relationship among the variables. The results from the ARDL technique show that a 1% increase in clean energy consumption reduces per capita CO2 emissions and per capita electricity consumption by 5.50% and 1.19%, respectively in the long-run. The findings also confirm a significant long-run association among the variables. As such, it is emphasised that the government should take further initiatives toward a wider deployment of clean energy use, along with sustainable urbanisation to reduce per capita electricity consumption and CO2 emissions in Australia.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages15
JournalApplied Economics
Early online date25 May 2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 25 May 2021


  • Australia
  • Electricity
  • CO2 emissions
  • Cointegration and Clean Energy

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Electricity consumption in Australia: The role of clean energy in reducing CO<sub>2</sub> emissions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this