The United Nations, through key legal instruments such as the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Kyoto Protocol, and the Paris Agreement, has focussed on fighting threats to climate change. This involves promoting new technologies and just transition from the fossil fuel-based power generation. However, such a transition requires innovation, policy review and realistic implementation timeline. This research reviews the current development targeting solar and wind resources investment in the East Africa Community (EAC) electricity markets, where, a future integrated electricity market in the five examined countries (Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, and Burundi) transit to low carbon economies. A comprehensive review of existing and proposed policies targeting the promotion of investment in renewable energy sources (RES) is carried out, and a suitable model to advance the integration of RES proposed. This roadmap, called Renewable Integration Continuum (RIC) model provides a framework through which EAC power market coupling is feasible.
- East Africa Community
- Electricity markets coupling
- low carbon policies
- renewable integration continuum