This article considers the ways in which Italy's invasion of Ethiopia in 1935 and the subsequent League of Nations sanctions shaped the tasks assigned to women within the Fascist Party. During the period of sanctions and, indeed, after their ending, right up until the Second World War, empire and women's contribution to it became a core theme in Fascist propaganda. Female party members were mobilised for the imperial cause both as producers and as consumers and this led to a new emphasis on their importance to the nation. The activities of the Fascist women's groups expanded considerably to include a range of new tasks such as running training courses on how to fight waste in housework, 'autarkic cookery' and so on. This article also discusses how young Italian women were prepared for a role in Italy's 'place in the sun' through special courses created to train them for a future as colonial wives.