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Absorption features in stellar atmospheres are often used to calibrate photocentric velocities for kinematic analysis of further spectral lines. The Li feature at ∼6708Å is commonly used, especially in the case of young stellar objects for which it is one of the strongest absorption lines. However, this is a complex line comprising two isotope fine-structure doublets. We empirically measure the wavelength of this Li feature in a sample of young stars from the PENELLOPE/VLT programme (using X-Shooter, UVES and ESPRESSO data) as well as HARPS data. For 51 targets, we fit 314 individual spectra using the STAR-MELT package, resulting in 241 accurately fitted Li features, given the automated goodness-of-fit threshold. We find the mean air wavelength to be 6707.856Å, with a standard error of 0.002Å (0.09km/s) and a weighted standard deviation of 0.026Å (1.16km/s). The observed spread in measured positions spans 0.145Å, or 6.5km/s, which is up to a factor of six higher than typically reported velocity errors for high-resolution studies. We also find a correlation between the effective temperature of the star and the wavelength of the central absorption. We discuss how exclusively using this Li feature as a reference for photocentric velocity in young stars could potentially be introducing a systematic positive offset in wavelength to measurements of further spectral lines. If outflow tracing forbidden lines, such as [Oi]6300Å, are actually more blueshifted than previously thought, this then favours a disk wind as the origin for such emission in young stars.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Astronomy and Astrophysics|
|Publication status||Published - 10 May 2023|
- Stars: atmospheres
- Stars: pre-main sequence
- Stars: variables
- T Tauri
- Herbig Ae/Be
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- 1 Finished
The Planet-Disc Connection: Accretion, Disc Structure and Plant Formation
Matsumura, S. & Sicilia Aguilar, A.
Science and Technology Facilities Council
1/04/19 → 30/06/22
- 1 Preprint
Empirical determination of the lithium 6707.856 Å wavelength in young starsCampbell-White, J., Manara, C. F., Sicilia-Aguilar, A., Frasca, A., Nielsen, L. D., Schneider, P. C., Nisini, B., Bayo, A., Ercolano, B., Ábrahám, P., Claes, R., Fang, M., Fedele, D., Gameiro, J. F., Gangi, M., Kóspál, Á., Maucó, K., Petr-Gotzens, M. G., Rigliaco, E., Robinson, C., & 3 others, 8 Mar 2023, Cornell University: arXiv, 14 p.
Research output: Working paper/Preprint › PreprintOpen AccessFile6 Downloads (Pure)