Saccharomyces cerevisiae protein phosphatase 2A performs an essential cellular function and is encoded by two genes

Alan A. Sneddon, Patricia T.W. Cohen, Michael J.R. Stark

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    Two genes (PPH21 and PPH22) encoding the yeast homologues of protein serine-threonine phosphatase 2A have been cloned from a Saccharomyces cerevisiae genomic library using a rabbit protein phosphatase 2A cDNA as a hybridization probe. The PPH genes are genetically linked on chromosome IV and are predicted to encode polypeptides each with 74% amino acid sequence identity to rabbit type 2A protein phosphatase, indicating once again the extraordinarily high degree of sequence conservation shown by protein phosphatases from different species. The two PPH genes show < 10% amino acid sequence divergence from each other and while disruption of either PPH gene alone is without any major effect, the double disruption is lethal. This indicated that protein phosphatase 2A activity is an essential cellular function in yeast. Measurement of type 2A protein phosphatase activity in yeast strains lacking one or other of the genes indicates that they account for most, if not all, protein phosphatase 2A activity in the cell.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)4339-4346
    Number of pages8
    JournalEMBO Journal
    Issue number13
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 1990

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