Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is a neglected parasitic disease conventionally treated by multiple injections with systemically toxic drugs. Aiming at a more acceptable therapy, we developed lipid-core nanocapsules (LNCs) entrapping the potent antileishmanial chalcone (CH8) for topical application. Rhodamine-labeled LNC (Rho-LNC-CH8) was produced for imaging studies. LNC-CH8 and Rho-LNC-CH8 had narrow size distributions (polydispersity index <0.10), with similar mean sizes (~180 nm) by dynamic light scattering. In vitro, Rho-LNC-CH8 was rapidly internalized by extracellular Leishmania amazonensis parasites macrophages in less than 15 min. LNC-CH8 activated macrophage oxidative mechanisms more efficiently than CH8, and was more selectively toxic against the intracellular parasites. In vivo, topically applied Rho-LNC-CH8 efficiently permeated mouse skin. In L. amazonensis-infected mice, LNC-CH8 reduced the parasite load by 86% after three weeks of daily topical treatment, while free CH8 was ineffective. In conclusion, LNC-CH8 has strong potential as a novel topical formulation for CL treatment.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine|
|Early online date||28 Oct 2019|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2020|
- Drug delivery
- Lipid-core nanocapsules
- Topical treatment