Endodontic management of submerged roots following complicated traumatic dental injury (TDI) in children and adolescents: A systematic review

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: The International Association of Dental Traumatology (IADT) guidelines include the use of decoronation for the management of complex crown–root fractures but do not outline how this technique is best employed. The aim of this review is to reach a consensus in the management of the root canal system in decoronated permanent teeth undergoing root submergence and to determine whether this has an impact on the success and survival of the retained root.

Materials and Methods: Search included databases MEDLINE via Ebsco, EMBASE via Ovid, Web of Science via Clarivate, PubMed via PubMed.gov, the Cochrane Library via Wiley, cited reference searching and hand searching of relevant journals. Two independent reviewers performed study selection, data extraction and risk of bias assessment using Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) Critical Appraisal Checklist.

Results and Discussion: In total, 18 articles were included in qualitative analysis: 17 of these were case reports and one case series. A total of 37 teeth were treated with decoronation either using the Malmgren or an alternative protocol (root submergence following endodontic treatment with gutta-percha [GP] or a calcium silicate cement and vital root submergence). Limited evidence from this review suggests that immediate decoronation and vital root submergence are successful in apexogenesis and preserving alveolar bone.

This systematic review has been registered in the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO: registration number CRD42022316266).
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Early online date28 Jan 2024
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 28 Jan 2024

Keywords

  • alveolar bone preservation
  • decoronation
  • root submergence
  • systematic review
  • traumatic dental injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Dentistry

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