Methods and Results: We generated transgenic mice with endothelium-targeted Nox4 overexpression (Tg) to study the in vivo role of Nox4. Tg demonstrated significantly greater acetylcholine- or histamine-induced vasodilatation than wild-type littermates. This resulted from increased H O production and H O -induced hyperpolarization but not altered nitric oxide bioactivity. Tg had lower systemic blood pressure than wild-type littermates, which was normalized by antioxidants.
Conclusion: Endothelial Nox4 exerts potentially beneficial effects on vasodilator function and blood pressure that are attributable to H O production. These effects contrast markedly with those reported for Nox1 and Nox2, which involve superoxide-mediated inactivation of nitric oxide. Our results suggest that therapeutic strategies to modulate ROS production in vascular disease may need to separately target individual Nox isoforms.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology|
|Early online date||18 May 2011|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 2011|
- blood pressure
- endothelial function
- reactive oxygen species vasodilation
- NADPH oxidase