Entrepreneurial attributes among postgraduate students of a Pakistani university

Akhtar Ali, Keith J. Topping, Riaz H. Tariq

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    This paper explores entrepreneurial attributes among the students of The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, a public sector Pakistani university. Multistage sampling was employed to maximize the representation. Five hundred and twenty one master's level students from thirty departments returned completed questionnaires. Three factors emerged: self efficacy, efficiency and commitment, and entrepreneurial inclinations. The majority of the students exhibited positive entrepreneurial attributes. However, there was no significant difference between negative and positive entrepreneurial attributes. There was no significant impact of demographic variables such as gender, parental income and profession on entrepreneurial attributes. Impact on practice and policy is discussed.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)66-77
    Number of pages12
    JournalUS-China Education Review
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - May 2010


    • University
    • Entrepreneurship
    • Attitudes
    • Survey


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