Environmental Impact Assessment: A Middle Eastern Experience

Mohammad A. Alomari (Lead / Corresponding author), Raphael Heffron

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    1 Citation (Scopus)


    Environmental impact assessment (EIA) is an important environmental protection tool introduced into the environmental governance framework to evaluate and inform the administrative decision-making processes regarding whether certain developments or projects are to be allowed. In this article, EIA’s legal status and procedure are examined in relation to a Middle Eastern context, specifically to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). Two different types of analysis are employed. The first is doctrinal analysis, focusing on the legal and statutory provisions regulating and organising this environmental protection tool—this genre of analysis entails identifying and unpacking the laws and regulations that govern this tool. The second type is qualitative analysis involving original data from 27 semi-structured interviews—one of the first of its kind on this topic in the KSA. The key contribution of the article comprises the examination and synthesis of the current status of different theories in the current international literature with regard to the underexplored issue of EIAs in the KSA.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)309-338
    Number of pages30
    JournalJournal of Environmental Law
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 19 May 2021


    • EIA procedure/steps
    • Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
    • environmental governance
    • environmental impact assessment
    • environmental law
    • environmental statement
    • general environmental law
    • rules for implementation
    • scoping
    • screening

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
    • Law


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