In higher eukaryotes, DNA damage repair response pathways are orchestrated by several molecular signals including ubiquitination. In particular the repair of DNA interstrand crosslinks, toxic to transcription and replication processes, involve the activation of the Fanconi anemia repair pathway. At the heart of this pathway lies the monoubiquitination of FANCD2 and FANCI proteins, which triggers the recruitment of DNA repair factors. A major road block in our understanding of this fundamental repair pathway arises from the challenge with generating sufficient quantities of site-specifically monoubiquitinated FANCD2 and FANCI proteins to enable mechanistic and molecular studies. Current in vitro methods rely on the purification of a large (~ 0.8 MDa), multiprotein E3 complex that can only partially monoubiquitinate a FANCD2-FANCI-DNA complex. In this chapter, we describe detailed protocols for the preparation of homogeneously and natively monoubiquitinated FANCD2 and FANCI proteins in isolation. The method relies on the use of a minimal E3 module and an engineered E2 variant that together drive site-specific ubiquitination of the isolated substrates, without the requirement of DNA cofactors. Using the enzymatic approach, we also demonstrate how added functionalities such as a fluorescently labeled ubiquitin can be conjugated on the FANCD2 and FANCI substrates, thus enabling multiple downstream applications.