Epidemiology and Microbiology of Bacterial Bloodstream Infection in a Tertiary Hospital in Nigeria

Garba Iliyasu, Farouq Muhammad Dayyab, Aliyu Aminu, Sadiq Halilu, Salisu Abubakar, Salisu Inuwa, Abdulrazaq Garba Habib

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Bacterial bloodstream infections (BSIs) are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality among hospitalized patients, and data in resource-limited countries are sparse.

Methods: A hospital-wide retrospective analysis of microbiologically proven bacteremia was conducted. Sociodemographic data, comorbidities, bacterial isolates, and their antimicrobial susceptibility pattern were recorded.

Results: Of the 276 episodes of bacteremia studied, 130 (47.1%) occurred in females. The overall mean age was 15.29 ± 23.22 years. Community-acquired BSI was seen in 179 (65.0%) of the patients, whereas 97 (35%) was hospital-acquired BSI. Gram-negative bacteria 158 (57.2%) were the leading cause of BSI. More than 60% of the isolates were resistant to commonly prescribed antibiotics, especially trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, ampicillin, and amoxicillin–clavulanic acid.

Conclusions: Gram-negative bacteria are the leading cause of bacteremia with resistance to commonly prescribed antibiotics.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-21
Number of pages6
JournalInfectious Diseases in Clinical Practice
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020


  • antimicrobial resistance
  • bloodstream infections
  • community-acquired bloodstream infections
  • hospital-acquired bloodstream infections
  • multidrug resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases


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