Error calculation of large-amplitude internal solitary waves within the pycnocline introduced by the strong stratification approximation

Xu Cunguo, Zhan Wang (Lead / Corresponding author), Masoud Hayatdavoodi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
6 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

At present, studies on large-amplitude internal solitary waves mostly adopt strong stratification models, such as the two-and three-layer Miyata—Choi—Camassa (MCC) internal wave models, which omit the pycnocline or treat it as another fluid layer with a constant density. Because the pycnocline exists in real oceans and cannot be omitted sometimes, the computational error of a large-amplitude internal solitary wave within the pycnocline introduced by the strong stratification approximation is unclear. In this study, the two- and three-layer MCC internal wave models are used to calculate the wave profile and wave speed of large-amplitude internal solitary waves. By comparing these results with the results provided by the Dubreil—Jacotin—Long (DJL) equation, which accurately describes large-amplitude internal solitary waves in a continuous density stratification, the computational errors of large-amplitude internal solitary waves at different pycnocline depths introduced by the strong stratification approximation are assessed. Although the pycnocline thicknesses are relatively large (accounting for 8%–10% of the total water depth), the error is much smaller under the three-layer approximation than under the two-layer approximation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-152
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Marine Science and Application
Volume22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2023

Keywords

  • DJL equation
  • Internal solitary wave
  • MCC internal wave model
  • Pycnocline
  • Three-layer approximation
  • Two-layer approximation
  • Wave profile
  • Wave speed

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Ocean Engineering

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