Essential oils as topical anti-infective agents: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Serawit Deyno (Lead / Corresponding author), Andrew G. Mtewa, Abiy Abebe, Ariya Hymete, Eyasu Makonnen, Joel Bazira, Paul E. Alele

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Objective: This study summarized evidence on the efficacy and safety of essential oils (EOs) in the treatment of topical infections.

Design and setting: Systematic review of clinical trials conducted and reported in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) guideline. Electronic databases of the Cochrane, PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Scopus were searched from inception to November 2018.

Intervention: Essential oil of any type, standard treatment and placebo.

Main outcome measures: Outcomes of the study include total acne count, acne severity index, reduction in total acne surface area, number of non-inflammatory acne lesions and inflammatory acne lesions, microbial cure rate, microbial decolonization rate, and new microbial emergence.

Results: Non-significant but higher proportion of MRSA was cleared in EOs group (69% [95%CI: 34%, 96%]) compared to routine care (45% [95%CI: 36%, 53%]). Essential oils significantly lowered level of new MRSA emergence (9% [95% CI: 5%, 14%], I2 = 86.59%) compared to routine care (53% [95%CI: 30%, 75%], I2 = 86.59%). Four of the five studies on acne treatment showed equal or superior efficacy of EOs and the remaining one showed inferior efficacy to a control. In treatment of topical fungal infections, efficacy of essential oils were non-inferior compared to a standard treatment but superior to a placebo.

Conclusion: Essential oils could be considered as alternative treatment for acne, decolonization of MRSA, and topical fungal infections, yet the low quality and heterogeneity among the studies calls for further studies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102224
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalComplementary Therapies in Medicine
Volume47
Early online date24 Oct 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019

Fingerprint

Local Anti-Infective Agents
Acne Vulgaris
Volatile Oils
Meta-Analysis
Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Mycoses
Therapeutics
Placebos
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
PubMed
Clinical Trials
Databases
Guidelines
Safety
Infection

Keywords

  • Alternative therapy
  • Aromatherapy
  • Clinical trial
  • Tea tree oil

Cite this

Deyno, S., Mtewa, A. G., Abebe, A., Hymete, A., Makonnen, E., Bazira, J., & Alele, P. E. (2019). Essential oils as topical anti-infective agents: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 47, 1-8. [102224]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctim.2019.102224
Deyno, Serawit ; Mtewa, Andrew G. ; Abebe, Abiy ; Hymete, Ariya ; Makonnen, Eyasu ; Bazira, Joel ; Alele, Paul E. / Essential oils as topical anti-infective agents : A systematic review and meta-analysis. In: Complementary Therapies in Medicine. 2019 ; Vol. 47. pp. 1-8.
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abstract = "Objective: This study summarized evidence on the efficacy and safety of essential oils (EOs) in the treatment of topical infections.Design and setting: Systematic review of clinical trials conducted and reported in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) guideline. Electronic databases of the Cochrane, PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Scopus were searched from inception to November 2018.Intervention: Essential oil of any type, standard treatment and placebo.Main outcome measures: Outcomes of the study include total acne count, acne severity index, reduction in total acne surface area, number of non-inflammatory acne lesions and inflammatory acne lesions, microbial cure rate, microbial decolonization rate, and new microbial emergence.Results: Non-significant but higher proportion of MRSA was cleared in EOs group (69{\%} [95{\%}CI: 34{\%}, 96{\%}]) compared to routine care (45{\%} [95{\%}CI: 36{\%}, 53{\%}]). Essential oils significantly lowered level of new MRSA emergence (9{\%} [95{\%} CI: 5{\%}, 14{\%}], I2 = 86.59{\%}) compared to routine care (53{\%} [95{\%}CI: 30{\%}, 75{\%}], I2 = 86.59{\%}). Four of the five studies on acne treatment showed equal or superior efficacy of EOs and the remaining one showed inferior efficacy to a control. In treatment of topical fungal infections, efficacy of essential oils were non-inferior compared to a standard treatment but superior to a placebo.Conclusion: Essential oils could be considered as alternative treatment for acne, decolonization of MRSA, and topical fungal infections, yet the low quality and heterogeneity among the studies calls for further studies.",
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Deyno, S, Mtewa, AG, Abebe, A, Hymete, A, Makonnen, E, Bazira, J & Alele, PE 2019, 'Essential oils as topical anti-infective agents: A systematic review and meta-analysis', Complementary Therapies in Medicine, vol. 47, 102224, pp. 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctim.2019.102224

Essential oils as topical anti-infective agents : A systematic review and meta-analysis. / Deyno, Serawit (Lead / Corresponding author); Mtewa, Andrew G.; Abebe, Abiy; Hymete, Ariya; Makonnen, Eyasu; Bazira, Joel; Alele, Paul E.

In: Complementary Therapies in Medicine, Vol. 47, 102224, 12.2019, p. 1-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Essential oils as topical anti-infective agents

T2 - A systematic review and meta-analysis

AU - Deyno, Serawit

AU - Mtewa, Andrew G.

AU - Abebe, Abiy

AU - Hymete, Ariya

AU - Makonnen, Eyasu

AU - Bazira, Joel

AU - Alele, Paul E.

N1 - No Funding.

PY - 2019/12

Y1 - 2019/12

N2 - Objective: This study summarized evidence on the efficacy and safety of essential oils (EOs) in the treatment of topical infections.Design and setting: Systematic review of clinical trials conducted and reported in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) guideline. Electronic databases of the Cochrane, PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Scopus were searched from inception to November 2018.Intervention: Essential oil of any type, standard treatment and placebo.Main outcome measures: Outcomes of the study include total acne count, acne severity index, reduction in total acne surface area, number of non-inflammatory acne lesions and inflammatory acne lesions, microbial cure rate, microbial decolonization rate, and new microbial emergence.Results: Non-significant but higher proportion of MRSA was cleared in EOs group (69% [95%CI: 34%, 96%]) compared to routine care (45% [95%CI: 36%, 53%]). Essential oils significantly lowered level of new MRSA emergence (9% [95% CI: 5%, 14%], I2 = 86.59%) compared to routine care (53% [95%CI: 30%, 75%], I2 = 86.59%). Four of the five studies on acne treatment showed equal or superior efficacy of EOs and the remaining one showed inferior efficacy to a control. In treatment of topical fungal infections, efficacy of essential oils were non-inferior compared to a standard treatment but superior to a placebo.Conclusion: Essential oils could be considered as alternative treatment for acne, decolonization of MRSA, and topical fungal infections, yet the low quality and heterogeneity among the studies calls for further studies.

AB - Objective: This study summarized evidence on the efficacy and safety of essential oils (EOs) in the treatment of topical infections.Design and setting: Systematic review of clinical trials conducted and reported in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) guideline. Electronic databases of the Cochrane, PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Scopus were searched from inception to November 2018.Intervention: Essential oil of any type, standard treatment and placebo.Main outcome measures: Outcomes of the study include total acne count, acne severity index, reduction in total acne surface area, number of non-inflammatory acne lesions and inflammatory acne lesions, microbial cure rate, microbial decolonization rate, and new microbial emergence.Results: Non-significant but higher proportion of MRSA was cleared in EOs group (69% [95%CI: 34%, 96%]) compared to routine care (45% [95%CI: 36%, 53%]). Essential oils significantly lowered level of new MRSA emergence (9% [95% CI: 5%, 14%], I2 = 86.59%) compared to routine care (53% [95%CI: 30%, 75%], I2 = 86.59%). Four of the five studies on acne treatment showed equal or superior efficacy of EOs and the remaining one showed inferior efficacy to a control. In treatment of topical fungal infections, efficacy of essential oils were non-inferior compared to a standard treatment but superior to a placebo.Conclusion: Essential oils could be considered as alternative treatment for acne, decolonization of MRSA, and topical fungal infections, yet the low quality and heterogeneity among the studies calls for further studies.

KW - Alternative therapy

KW - Aromatherapy

KW - Clinical trial

KW - Tea tree oil

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Deyno S, Mtewa AG, Abebe A, Hymete A, Makonnen E, Bazira J et al. Essential oils as topical anti-infective agents: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Complementary Therapies in Medicine. 2019 Dec;47:1-8. 102224. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctim.2019.102224