Estimating the harms of nicotine-containing products using the MCDA approach

David J. Nutt (Lead / Corresponding author), Lawrence D. Phillips, David Balfour, H. Valerie Curran, Martin Dockrell, Jonathan Foulds, Karl Fagerstrom, Kgosi Letlape, Anders Milton, Riccardo Polosa, John Ramsey, David Sweanor

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    211 Citations (Scopus)
    175 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Background: An international expert panel convened by the Independent Scientific Committee on Drugs developed a multi-criteria decision analysis model of the relative importance of different types of harm related to the use of nicotine-containing products. Method: The group defined 12 products and 14 harm criteria. Seven criteria represented harms to the user, and the other seven indicated harms to others. The group scored all the products on each criterion for their average harm worldwide using a scale with 100 defined as the most harmful product on a given criterion, and a score of zero defined as no harm. The group also assessed relative weights for all the criteria to indicate their relative importance. Findings: Weighted averages of the scores provided a single, overall score for each product. Cigarettes (overall weighted score of 100) emerged as the most harmful product, with small cigars in second place (overall weighted score of 64). After a substantial gap to the third-place product, pipes (scoring 21), all remaining products scored 15 points or less. Interpretation: Cigarettes are the nicotine product causing by far the most harm to users and others in the world today. Attempts to switch to non-combusted sources of nicotine should be encouraged as the harms from these products are much lower. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)218-225
    Number of pages8
    JournalEuropean Addiction Research
    Volume20
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 2014

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Estimating the harms of nicotine-containing products using the MCDA approach'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this